Brief History of Analytical ChemistryChemistry was founded on the analysis, because it is said thatchemistry had been called as Scheidekunst in German, whichmeans to isolate material into components. In the latter half of18c. balance was used to investigate the chemical change of thesubstances by weighing. Up to the latter half of 19c. about 90elements were discovered by the support of analytical chemistry.Inorganic qualitative and quantitative analysis were systematized. Organic chemistry had a great progress due to the elementalanalysis developed by Liebig and the systematized organicanalysis based on the specific reaction of functional groups. Instrumental analysis began with the flame emissivespectrometry by B.Bunsen and R.Kirchhott who discovered Rband Cs in 1860. About 100 years after that AAS was developed.IR in 1930s’, and new ideaed spectral methods weresuccessively born. MS which contributed to the research ofisotopes was applied to the organic analyses for the identificationof organic compounds in combination with GC. Electrochemicalanalyses including polarography were also developed. Analyticalinstruments, spectrophotometer in 1941, IR in 1943, selfrecording IR and direct-reading emission spectrophotometer,self-recording spectrophotometer in 1951, GC and NMR in 1953and DSC in 1961 and so on, were in the market. Now we knowthat innumerable instrumental analytical methods includingphysical and biological assay are supporting researches in wideresearsh fields, medical diagnosis and many kinds of industry


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