Please respond to the Forum questions listed below. You are expected to give complete answers referring to what you have read in the “Lessons”(reading & resources). Reference to, or the use of critical thinking, analysis, what you have learned in previous courses, the media, and in your professional lives is also expected. Define the subject; make references to what you have read, what you have learned elsewhere, and then form a response.


Instructions: Your initial post should be at least 350 words. Please respond to a least 2 other students. Responses should be a minimum of 150 words and include direct questions. When addressing the topic questions, you are to state the question followed by your response. Do this for each question posed.

1) Describe “Smart Borders”?

2) Examine Intellectual Property theft/violations and the economic impact of border security?

Articles for weekly assignment:

Berdell, J., & Ghoshal, A. (2015). US-Mexico border tourism and day trips: An aberration in globalization? Latin American Economic Review, 24(1), 1-18.

Disclosure of information for certain intellectual property rights enforced at the border. (2015). Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc.

Maoh, H. F., Khan, S. A., and Anderson, W. P. (2015). Truck movement across the Canada-US border: The effects of 9/11 and other factorsJournal of Transport Geography, 53. 12-21.

Newel, B. C., Gomez, R., & Guajardo, V. E. (2017). Sensors, cameras, and the new ‘normal’ in clandestine migration: How undocumented migrants experience surveillance at the U.S.-Mexico border. Surveillance & Society, 15(1), 21-41.

President Trump’s Executive Order. (2017).Presidential executive order on establishing enhanced collection and enforcement of antidumping and countervailing duties and violations of trade and customs laws.

Topak, O. E., Bracken-Roche, C., Saulnier, A., & Lyon, D. (2015). From smart borders to perimeter security: The expansion of digital surveillance at the Canadian bordersGeopolitics, 20(4), 880-899.

Walke, A. G., & Fullerton, T. M. (2014). Freight transportation costs and the thickening of the US–Mexico borderApplied Economics46(11), 1248-1258.

Written testimony of CBP for a senate committee on appropriations, subcommittee on homeland security hearing titled “strengthening trade enforcement to protect American enterprise and grow American jobs”. (2014). Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc.

Supplemental Readings

National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center. (2011). Intellectual Property Rights Violations: A Report on Threats to United States Interests at Home and Abroad.

Note this requirement – respond to at least two of your classmate’s posts.

Student #1 Erek

To accurately describe “Smart Borders” is simple. A border that is secured by technology vice traditional “brick-n-mortar” methods. However, to describe the current “Smart Border” initiative between the U.S. and Canda is more complex. “In December 2001, Governor Tom Ridge and Deputy Prime Minister John Manley Signed the Smart Border Declaration and Associated 30-Point Action Plan to Enhance the Security of Our Shared Border While Facilitating the Legitimate Flow of People and Goods. the Action Plan Has Four Pillars the Secure Flow of People, the Secure Flow Of Goods, Secure Infrastructure, and Information Sharing and coordination in the enforcement of these objectives.” (DoS) The 30 point plan includes:

#1 BIOMETRIC IDENTIFIERS

#2 PERMANENT RESIDENT CARDS

#3 SINGLE ALTERNATIVE INSPECTION SYSTEM

#4 REFUGEE/ASYLUM PROCESSING

#5 MANAGING OF REFUGEE/ASYLUM CLAIMS

#6 VISA POLICY COORDINATION

#7 AIR PRECLEARANCE

#8 ADVANCE PASSENGER INFORMATION / PASSENGER NAME RECORD

#9 JOINT PASSENGER ANALYSIS UNITS

#10 MARITIME SECURITY AND FERRY TERMINALS

#11 COMPATIBLE IMMIGRATION DATABASES

#12 IMMIGRATION OFFICERS OVERSEAS

#13 INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

#14 HARMONIZED COMMERCIAL PROCESSING

#16 JOINT FACILITIES

#18 CONTAINER TARGETING AT SEAPORTS

#19 INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS

#20 INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

#21 CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION

#22 AVIATION SECURITY

#23 INTEGRATED BORDER AND MARINE ENFORCEMENT TEAMS

#24 JOINT ENFORCEMENT COORDINATION

#25 INTEGRATED INTELLIGENCE

#26 FINGERPRINTS

#27 REMOVAL OF DEPORTEES

#28 COUNTER-TERRORISM LEGISLATION

#29 FREEZING OF TERRORIST ASSETS

#30 JOINT TRAINING AND EXERCISES

It is important to note also is that the points made also are a big part of protecting intellectual property rights. For example, in point number one ( biometrics) if the rights of the program or design that create that specific biometric identifier system were to be bought by a third party, then the integrity of the security system would be compromised and thereby flawed. The protection of intellectual property rights is paramount against either by theft/cloning or other violations. Since the greater threat comes from the southern border it would only be logical to enhance the security in that area. With the added physical security there is a need for added or enhanced cybersecurity. “Based on fieldwork conducted primarily in a migrant shelter in Nogales, Mexico, we find that migrants generally have a fairly sophisticated understanding about U.S. Border Patrol surveillance and technology use and that they consciously engage in forms of resistance or avoidance.” (Newel, Gomez, Guajardo)

If the technology is compromised then the security system as a whole is flawed and useless against all the primary reason for a border.

Cheers

References:

Disclosure of Information for Certain Intellectual Property Rights Enforced at the Border. Washington: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc, 2015. ProQuest. 7 Jan. 2019.

Newel, Bryce Clayton, Ricardo Gomez, and Verónica E. Guajardo. “Sensors, Cameras, and the New ‘Normal’ in Clandestine Migration: How Undocumented Migrants Experience Surveillance at the U.S.-Mexico Border.” Surveillance & Society 15.1 (2017): 21-41. ProQuest. 7 Jan. 2019.

Topak, Özgün E., et al. “From Smart Borders to Perimeter Security: The Expansion of Digital Surveillance at the Canadian Borders.” Geopolitics, vol. 20, no. 4, Oct. 2015, pp. 880–899. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14650045.2015.1085024.

Walke, A. G., and T. M. Fullerton. “Freight Transportation Costs and the Thickening of the US–Mexico Border.” Applied Economics, vol. 46, no. 11, Apr. 2014, pp. 1248–1258. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00036846.2013.870659.

Written Testimony of CBP for a Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Homeland Security Hearing Titled “Strengthening Trade Enforcement to Protect American Enterprise and Grow American Jobs”. Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc, 2014. ProQuest. 7 Jan. 2019.

Dept. of State “U.S. – Canada Smart Border/30 Point Action Plan Update” Fact Sheet, The White House, Washington, DC, December 6, 2002

Examine Intellectual Property theft/violations and the economic impact of border security
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