Compose a 3- to 5-page essay in which you:

  • Describe the theoretical perspective (functionalist, conflict, or interactionist) to which you relate the most and why.
  • Briefly describe how the social institution (e.g., family, religion, education, or government) you selected in the Rough Draft Essay Worksheet Assignment and briefly describe how this social institution contributes to the transmission of society’s values.
  • Identify and state a problem or issue related to that social institution, and use at least one theoretical perspective to describe the social problem.
  • Conduct research to learn more about the problem. Use the information that you find to create evidence to explore the social institution and social problem in the context of a changing society.
  • Describe at least one recommendation that you would make to the social institution to encourage positive social change. How could the social problem be better addressed?

Refer to at least two specific examples from the Interactive Units or Required Resources. Be sure to use evidence to support your claims by citing your source. An example of an acceptable citation: “According to the Culture Module of Interactive Unit 2.” Please include an APA Style cover page and reference page (these do not count toward the length requirement).

My Rough draft is already complete,heres my rough draft

Sociological Perspectives

Introduction

When it comes to the study of Sociology, people will tend to use different approaches in addressing the various topics. It is not common for two people to have the same or similar perspective on a particular matter. However, three common categories have been adopted that explain how people are likely to use different approaches to topics. These approaches include functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives. Each technique highlights various means through which individuals decide to approach a subject and form their opinions on society. The following paragraphs will compare and contrast the three sociological perspectives.

Differences

The functionalist perspective

This sociological approach explains social institutions as a system that involves meeting individual and social needs. Under this perspective, society is viewed as a complex system that is striving for equilibrium. This approaches the society positively and assumes it is stable, and all of its components are working cohesively. In this perspective, every social aspect of society plays an integral role in the society’s survival. If it fails to play a crucial role, then the element will not be passed across to the next generation.

From a functionalist perspective, society is analyzed on a large-scale level. This level means the society is analyzed from a whole-some perspective and as a whole. In this perspective, an individual is assumed to be socially molded to perform societal functions willingly. Therefore, to be maintained in this perspective, the members of the society must cooperate. In this perspective, social change is considered predictable and positive (Tyler, 2020).

Conflict Perspective

In this perspective, a society is believed to be a dynamic institution, which is continually changing due to class conflict. While functionalism views society as a complex system thriving for balance, the conflict perspective portrays social life as a competition. According to this perspective, the community comprises persons who are always competing for limited resources, such as money. This perspective highlights that competition over resources is the core of all social relationships.

In this perspective, the individual is perceived as being shaped by power and authority. The conflict perspective argues that social order is maintained well, not through the people’s corporation, but only through force. In this theory, social change is unpredictable, but change is regularly being experienced. The conflict perspective’s main principles indicate that it comprises competing interests groups and social inequalities in society, thereby ensuring some form of conflict (Tyler, 2020).

Interactionist perspective

This is a sociological approach that generalizes the different forms of social interaction. This perspective looks at the behavior of a small group to understand the whole society. This perspective looks at the people’s surroundings, including how they interact with the environment and other people. This theory seeks to understand the relationship between humans and society.

In the interactionist perspective, society is viewed from the perspective that individuals influence one another’s social interactions. Compared to the functionalist perspective and conflict perspective, this perspective analyzes society on a micro-sociological level. This means it looks at a small group of people to understand the large group. In this theory, an individual is said to influence their social world by their interactions significantly. The perspective also maintains the understanding that social order is held when all individuals have a clear understanding of their everyday behavior (Stepnisky, 2018).

Similarities

All the sociological theories focus on understanding the context of the individual in society. All the theories try to understand why people tend to behave in a particular manner due to their different perspectives. Another similarity is that the three views try to establish a social order based on how social change occurs in different perspectives.

Social issues found in education

One of the social issues in education is classroom racism. While racism is still present in other aspects of society, it is becoming increasingly common in the education system. Some biased peers have prejudice towards their classmates of minority backgrounds. Teachers who are putting minimal effort in children from diverse communities contribute to the growth of racism in the classrooms.

Another social issue is unequal opportunity. Unequal education opportunities for individuals from ethnic backgrounds form part of the education sector’s social problem. Bias in the employment of teachers who are colored or from an ethnic minority background is a social issue concern in the United States.

Conclusion

The three main sociological perspectives used in sociology include the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives. These perspectives have different opinions on social change and individual behavior. It is essential to understand these perspectives to ensure we know the different views of other people.

References

Stepnisky, J. (2018). Types of Sociological Theory. Core Concepts in Sociology, 295.

Tyler, S. (2020). Theoretical Perspectives. Human Behavior and the Social Environment I.

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