Question 40

1. The _________ assumes humanity can be neatly divided into two clear-cut categories: male and female.

a.binary script
b.gender-specific script
c.gender-neutral script
d.American Sociological Association

1 points   

Question 41

1. The tern “Hispanic,” created in 1970 by the U.S. government, groups together people from, or with ancestors from, 21 Central and South American countries that were once former colonies of Spain. Now people from these countries must identify as “Hispanic.” This speaks to dynamics underlying

a.selective forgetting.
b.ethnic renewal.
c.involuntary ethnicity.
d.a bureaucracy.

1 points   

Question 42

1. One study found that the lightest-skin immigrants to the U.S. earn 16 to 23 cents more on the dollar than their darkest-skinned immigrant counterparts. In this case skin shade has been

a.racialized.
b.reified.
c.institutionalized.
d.idealized.

1 points   

Question 43

1. In thinking about masculinity and femininity, sociologists recognize

a.there is one form of masculinity and femininity.
b.there is one form of masculinity and many forms of femininity.
c.there are many forms of masculinity and femininity.
d.in nature there are just two gender categories.

1 points   

Question 44

1. Research suggests that early childhood teachers are more accepting of girls’ cross-gender behaviors and explorations than they are of such behaviors from boys. Apparently, teachers believe that boys who behave like “sissies” are at greater risk of becoming homosexual and psychologically ill-adjusted than are girls who behave like “tomboys.” The practice speaks to which one of the following dynamics?

a.biologically based differences between boys and girls
b.innate differences between boys and girls
c.the dynamics of socialization
d.gender neutral approaches to education

1 points   

Question 45

1. _______ are subpopulations within a society that are systematically excluded from full participation in society and denied equal opportunities to power, prestige, and wealth.

a.Minority groups
b.The foreign born
c.Stigmatized groups
d.The native born

1 points   

Question 46

1. Sociologist define __________ as social distinctions based on culturally conceived and learned ideas about appropriate behavior and appearances for males and for females.

a.sex
b.gender
c.sexuality
d.primary sex characteristics

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