Over the last years, the meaning of articles 19 and 20 of ICCPR has been furtherclarified, in particular through General Comment 34 (2011) of the Human RightsCommittee on article 19 of ICCPR, and the report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom ofopinion and expression on the challenge to reconcile the need to protect and promote theright to freedom of opinion and expression and to combat discrimination and incitement tohatred (A/67/357).10 The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights conductedactivities focused on the relationship between freedom of expression and hate speech,especially in relation to religious issues. The process culminated with the “Rabat Plan ofAction on the prohibition of advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutesincitement to discrimination, hostility or violence”.


Memory of the World of the German Commission for UNESCO;
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