The African Debate on Social JusticeThe context described above demands engagement with local notions of socialjustice and identification of whose rights matter and in what circumstances.These notions, according to Taylor, to some extent reflect the global discourse,the idealist versus the relativist positions, and the propositions expoundedby Sen and Nussbaum. In addition, local value systems offer a pointer. These,beyond the values of equality and solidarity, also encompass aspirations fornation building, democratization, and respect for human rights and go beyondthe individual to community-wide, indeed society-wide, concerns.Such positioning requires, first, departing from the single measure of social(in)justice confined to the Gini coefficient, and second, rescuing the “nationalproject” that emerged at the time of independence from its currently tarnishedimage. Third, it requires recognizing the existence of forms of “boundeddemocracy,” in which the citizen may very well participate in electoralprocesses, but further engagement is restricted by ignorance, fear, or otherforms of exclusion. These considerations set the scene for a discussion of socialjustice in the African context.
Redistribution, Recognition and Justification.