Adult Health 1 Study Guide

Neuro Unit

Chapters 11, 66 & 70 

Remember that assigned textbook readings should be supplemental to reviewing & studying the Powerpoint presentations. Answers to these study guide questions can be obtained from the textbook chapters, powerpoint presentations, as well as class lectures & in-class activities. 

Chapter 11: Health Care of the Older Adult (p. 208-215)

Conditions to Know: Dementia (Alzheimer’s – AD), Delirium 

1. What is delirium? 

2. What are some potential causes of delirium? 

3. What are some of the signs and symptoms associated with delirium?

4. What is the main difference between delirium and dementia?

5. Describe the nursing management involved in treating delirium. 

6. What are some prevention strategies for delirium?

7. What is dementia & what is the most common type? 

8. How is AD diagnosed? 

9. What are some common signs and symptoms that are seen in patients with AD? 

10. Describe the medical management that may be prescribed for patients with AD.

11. What are the priority nursing assessments & interventions while caring for patients with dementia or AD? 

Chapter 66: Management of Patients with Neurologic Dysfunction (p. 1973-1979 & 1996-2004)

Conditions to Know: Altered LOC (AMS) & Seizures 

1. When does altered level of consciousness (LOC) occur & what are some possible causes? 

2. What are some clinical manifestations that are seen with altered LOC? 

3. What are the priority nursing assessments & interventions that are needed while caring for patients with altered LOC? 

4. What are some possible causes of seizures? 

5. What are some clinical manifestations of seizures? 

6. How are seizures diagnosed? 

7. Describe the nursing care that is needed while a patient is having a seizure. See Chart 66-4.

8. Describe the nursing care that is needed following a seizure. See Chart 66-4. 

9. Phenytoin (Dilantin) is the most commonly prescribed antiepileptic drug. What patient teaching points would you want to include regarding this medication? 

Chapter 70: Management of Patients with Oncologic or Degenerative Neurologic Disorders (p. 2101-2108)

Conditions to Know: Parkinson’s Disease (PD)

1. What is Parkinson’s disease and what is the primary neurotransmitter that is decreased in this condition?

2. What are the clinical manifestations seen in PD?

3. What are the priority patient goals for patients diagnosed with PD? 

4. What are some appropriate nursing diagnoses for patients diagnosed with PD?

5. Describe the nursing care and management that is required while caring for patients with PD. 

6. What is the most commonly prescribed medication used for PD? What are some patient teaching points you would want to include regarding this medication? 

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