Question 33

  1. When studying stigmas, Goffman maintained that the primary focus should be on

a.

the attribute that is defined as the stigma.

b.

“normals. ”

c.

what he calls “mixed contacts”.

d.

the three types of stigmas.

1 points

Question 34

  1. Before the Christianization of Samoa, the transition from boyhood to manhood was accompanied by

a.

separation from females for one year.

b.

a religious ceremony that lasted for 3 days.

c.

a long, painful process of body tattooing from the waist to below the knees.

d.

a time of isolation in the wilderness.

1 points

Question 35

  1. Federal sentences issued for crack cocaine offenses are three to six times longer than those for offenses involving equal amounts of powder cocaine. Approximately 85 percent of defendants convicted of crack offenses in federal court are black, whereas 78 percent of defendants in powder cocaine cases are white; thus, the severe sentences are imposed “primarily upon black offenders”. This is an example of

a.

the success of the war on drugs.

b.

institutional discrimination.

c.

individual discrimination.

d.

prejudice.

1 points

Question 36

  1. The interconnections among socially constructed categories of sex, gender, race, class, sexual orientation, religious affiliation, age, and other statuses is known as

a.

sexuality.

b.

intersectionality.

c.

social standing.

d.

sectionism.

1 points

Question 37

  1. Brazil’s black consciousness movement

a.

advocates the dismantling of racial categories.

b.

employ a 2-category system of racial classification.

c.

promotes multi-racial identities.

d.

seeks to overthrow the Brazilian government.

1 points

Question 38

  1. Sexual orientation is __ of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women or both sexes.

a.

intense feelings

b.

fleeting feelings

c.

an enduring pattern

d.

any feelings

1 points

Question 39

  1. An elementary school student is asked, “How would your life be different if you were a member of the opposite sex?” He replies, “I would have to shave my whole body.” His response implies that he thinks in terms of

a.

a biological model of sex differences.

b.

gender convergence.

c.

feminist principles.

d.

gender polarization.

1 points

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