In the case of AIDS, while a number of differentcircumstances will transmit the disease, each requires the introduction of acontaminant into the bloodstream. A disease such as tuberculosis may betransmitted in several ways by contact (human or animal) through food or eating utensils or by air. Control of communicable diseases depends upon recognition ofthe many ways transmission takes place. It must include isolation or evenquarantine of persons with certain diseases. Proper antiseptic should be observedin illness and in health. Immunologic measures should be utilized fully. Somesexually transmitted diseases are associated with cancer (cervicle or penile). Thereshould be safe food and water supply and sterile blood supply, garbage and wastedisposable. Animal and insect carriers must be controlled and the activities ofhuman carriers must be limited.3.3.2.LIST OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASESSl. No. Disease Source of Disease1. Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii2. Amebiasis Entomoebahistolytica3. Anthrax Bacillus Anthracis4. Ascariasis Ascaris humbricoides5 AIDS(Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome)HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)6. Black Piedra Piedraia hortae7. Bolivian hemorrhagic fever Machupo virus8. Candidiasis; Thrush Usually candida albicans and othercandida species9. Cholera Vibrio cholera10. Chickenpox Varicella Zostes Virus (VZV)3.3.3 CAUSES OF SPREAD OF COMM


the disorders relating to Mental Retardation
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