Scientific and Technological ObjectivesProposers should address the objectives stated below, which are based on the PRT submissions.Proposers may identify amendments to the objectives or choose to address a subset of them in order tomaximise the overall impact, or address budgetary or scientific / technical constraints, but the reasons forthis should be clearly stated in the JRP-Protocol.The JRP shall focus on the development and characterisation of new traceable force primary standardsystems operating at the nanoscale level and the development of the appropriate transfer standards for verysmall forces.The specific objectives are1. To develop and characterise new force primary standards covering the range from 100 µN to100 nN.2. To design and develop a force application stage and a position captor with a resolution of a few nm.3. To evaluate the metrological performance of the transfer standards for very small forces currentlyavailable, to develop the theoretical concept for a new generation of transfer standard and todevelop of the first prototype of the new transfer standard.4. To develop recommendations for a standardised methodology for the calibration of different types ofinstruments.These objectives will require large-scale approaches that are beyond the capabilities of single NationalMetrology Institutes and Designated Institutes. To enhance the impact of the research work, the involvementof the larger community of metrology R&D resources outside Europe is recommended. A strong industryinvolvement is expected in order to align the project with their needs and guarantee an efficient knowledgetransfer into industry.Proposers should establish the current state of the art, and explain how their proposed project goes beyondthis.The total eligible cost of any proposal received for this SRT is expected to be around the 2.7 M€ guideline forproposals in this call. The available budget for integral Research Excellence Grants is 42 months of effort.
the effect of radiation pressure