Brubeck Quartet, “Take Five”
INTERACTIVE 2.2 Dexy’s Midnight Runners, “Come On Eileen”
REVIEW 2.1 Meter
Check Answer
Question 1 of 3 What is the meter of the American national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner”?
A. duple
B. triple
C. asymmetrical
D. none of the above
3 Along with lyrics, melody is the most memorable element of music. Harmony is the architectural foundation that most Western music is built upon. Both fall under the umbrella of the musical element of pitch. Pitch Melody and Harmony
When we consider the element of frequency in music, we gener- ally use the term pitch to describe the differences that we are hear- ing. You’re probably somewhat familiar with the concept of “high” and “low” in relationship to music: if I play for you the following pattern, you should be able to describe what you are hearing:
Were you right? The higher a note is pitched, the faster the fre- quency at which it is vibrating. Lower notes have slower frequen- cies. There are important mathematical relationships among the frequencies of certain notes; more on that in a while. For now, though, if you can differentiate between high and low pitches, you’re right on track.
Section 1
INTERACTIVE 3.1 Berlioz, Symphonie Fantastique, mvt. 4 The excerpt begins at 28 seconds into the video.
REVIEW 3.1 Pitch
Check Answer
How do the pitches of this excerpt gen- erally move?
A. from lower to higher
B. from higher to lower
C. both
D. neither
It’s worth considering how to create high and low pitches on a va- riety of different instruments, too. On a piano, for example, when you sit at the keyboard the higher pitches will be under your right hand, getting higher the further you play towards the right side of the keyboard. The lowest pitches are of course towards the left side of the key- board, and pi- anists usually play them with their left hand.
On a guitar, things work a little differently: there are usually Give or six strings on a guitar, and the LOWEST-pitched string is at the TOP of the instrument, closest to the player’s head, while the HIGHEST-pitched string is physically the lowest one, closest to the ground. To make any of the strings play higher pitches the guitar- ist uses her Gingers on the frets to shorten the length of the string, thereby increasing the frequency at which it will naturally vibrate and giving it a higher pitch.
On many wind and brass instruments, using the buttons, keys, or holes closer to the player’s mouth gives a higher pitch and those nearer the far end of the instrument will sound a lower pitch. This has to do with the length of the tubing (whether it’s metal, wood, or plastic) through which the air travels and vibrates before it
the meter of the American national anthem,

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