Paper details Base your answers on your reading assignments (including The Nature of New York by David Stradling and the book chapter on “municipal housekeeping” by Suellen M. Hoy) and the PBS documentary on Frederick Law Olmsted. Your paper will be graded on your ability to communicate your comprehension of the material in clear and well-organized prose.Use Times New Roman, 12-pt. font, 1-inch margins, double-spacing, and include page numbers.
If you quote directly from the text, use quotation marks and a footnote with the proper footnoting format for the first and subsequent notes.
Choose five (5) of the following questions and address each one as thoroughly as you can.
1. How did land use ideas and practices of Indians and European settlers differ in the region that would become New York State? Compare and contrast using material covered in Chapter 1 of Stradling.
2. How did the idea of wilderness evolve from early European settlers to the Romantics (including the Hudson River School painters)? How did the idea of wilderness continue to evolve into the late twentieth century?
3. How did New Yorkers apply scientific knowledge to transform nature and pursue wealth? Explore the examples of canal-building, scientific farming, and the arrival of Croton water to NYC analyzed in Chapter 2 of Stradling.
4. What was Frederick Law Olmsted’s recipe for success? Why have his works been so enduring? What were his aims when building a park like Central Park or Prospect Park and how did he achieve them? Consider material covered in Stradling as well as the documentary viewed in class.
5. How did cities respond to the environmental challenges of rapid urbanization in the late 19c and early 20th century? Consider the transportation revolution, tenement reform, and Progressive Era reforms covered in the chapter by Hoy and the material covered in Chapter 4 of Stradling.
6. How did the role of government and government authority expand in terms of resource management in the first half of the 20th century? How did these trends connect to the beliefs and goals of the conservation movement?
7. How would you characterize environmental activism after WWII? What was the role of environmental interest groups? Whom did they battle and what did they achieve?
8. How were the urban crisis and the environmental crisis of the late twentieth century connected in terms of causes and effects? Explain the growing diversity within environmental activism in the 1960s and 1970s. How did women and minorities respond to the urban crisis described by Stradling in chapter 7
Choose any 5 of the questions **please be specific and make direct reference to the text** ** I do not need the questions in the paper** **Please do not be vague** Feel free to ask any questions