What Is An Environmental Management System (Ems)?
Environment face varied issues such as global warming, nuclear hazards, desertification, genetically modified organisms, deforestation. To face problems head on and to the preservation of the resources for the benefit of the future generations, a number of approaches emerge, such as maintaining ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, sustainable livelihoods, human well-being, ecosystem health, integrity and sustainability (Laberge, 2007). Moreover, the interconnectedness of ecological systems and human leads to environment management, because of the growing awareness of nature. The economy and human health can be affected by pollution, deforestation, flooding and wetland loss. So these cascading effects need to new approach about the environment and human activities.
Various perspectives are available about environmental management because of the concept of subject. Saving the nature is one of the most narrow-minded viewpoints, because environmental management includes the effects and impacts of various interactions or activities that human societies have on the environment. The main point of the term is about being beneficial to the whole humanity (Sulphey and Safeer, 2015). Luke (2007) emphasizes the firms should define the managerial goals with considering the relations ecosystem and goods or services. So, EM should plan and operate with the protection and conservation of the politic and economic interest that surround the natural resources. Because modern resource management approach starts to see the nature as an economic and political asset.
More comprehensive and systematic approaches also emerge because of the rapid growth in industrial and urban development. The growing needs of population like agriculture, recreation and travel, protected areas, water resources, costs and other lands intense pressure on nature. From this point of view, the systems about human and environment became a necessity and need to planning and managing the relationship between human and nature. But this management style should include more comprehensive, participatory and integrated approach by the help of the multi-disciplinary applications.
The researches and opinions about using and conservation of natural resources, protecting of habitats, control of hazards, measuring the field of applied ecology are subjects of the environmental management. This management style is not only about industries or companies, but also about individuals that undertake to regulate and protect the health of the nature. Because the main idea behind the environmental management is to control human impact on the natural world and interaction with the nature in order to preserve the resources. This perspective comes from the aim of the improvement of human welfare for the present and future generations in the long run.