Psychology owes its origin from Philosophy. In the year 1950, Rudolf Goeckle first used the word „Psychology‟. The term „Psychology‟ is a combination of two Greek words „Psyche‟ and „Logus‟ which mean „Soul‟ and „Science‟, respectively. It has a long history. A review of the history of psychology reveals that during the Greek period philosophers dominated the field of psychology. At that time, Psychology was not a separate discipline. It got scientific status in the year 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychological laboratory at Leipzig in Germany. It has been defined differently by different philosophers and psychologists. The most appropriate definition of psychology has been advocated by R.S. Woodworth (1910-1960). According to him, “Psychology is the scientific study of the activities of the organism in relation to its environment”. Psychology is a positive science which helps to understand, predict and control human bbehaviour. It uses scientific methods to study different activities and experiences systematically. The word „activities‟ includes both external behaviours and internal mental processes. It studies behavior of living organisms, both animals and human beings. It acknowledges the role of environment in shaping the behavior of organisms. Thus, it is concluded that psychology is the scientific study of behaviours, experiences and mental processes of the organisms in relation to the environment.

TYPES OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS

Leave a Reply

Total:
$8.99