Custodial Model of Organizational Behavior
Custodial models seek to make employees feel as if the boss is caring for their personal needs. This is often done through benefits packages such as healthcare, retirement plans and other incentives. An executive visiting various territory offices could get a company car as an incentive.
The custodial model looks to retain quality people by providing incentives that are meaningful to the employee. Loyalty is to the company and not individual company leaders.
Collegial Model of Organizational Behavior
The collegial model works to develop a structure in which managers are more like coaches and employees are team members. Power is shared to some degree. The coach leads through inspiration. In this model, the loyalty is to the bigger goal, and team responsibility rather than to an individual. Employees feel invested in the success of the company and take pride in the successful execution of goals.
Supportive Model of Organizational Behavior
The supportive model seeks to understand what motivates employees and focuses on those things to motivate and inspire. When employees are given opportunities to improve themselves, they often take personal initiative to perform better at their job. Managers support employees as they work toward established personal goals such as promotion or acquisition of new skills. In this model, a manager would ask employees for professional goals and would work with them to establish an action plan to succeed with them.
System Model of Organizational Behavior
The system model is really the foundation of positive corporate cultures. When people think about why LinkedIn is a great place to work, for example, it is because of the incentives, work schedule flexibility and creative encouragement that leadership provides. It is nurturing yet challenging, and so efficiency and productivity increase in a happier work environment that’s loyal to the company and excited to share its vision.
Small business owners don’t need to try to compete with what LinkedIn does, but should develop strategies within their resources to build a positive corporate culture.